by David Klemt

PPP 2nd Draw vs ERTC vs RRF: What to Know

by David Klemt

The face on a bank note

Some regions, states and people are behaving like the pandemic is over but our industry is still in crisis.

There is good news in the form of a few resources business owners can utilize.

Let’s take a look at the the Employee Retention Tax Credit, second Paycheck Protection Program draw, and Restaurant Revitalization Fund.

Paycheck Protection Program

Today is your last day to apply for the second PPP draw. That’s why we’re starting here and why, if you haven’t yet, you need to apply now.

According to the Small Business Administration, a borrower is (generally speaking) eligible if they:

  • previously received a first-draw PPP loan and will use (or has used) the full amount only for authorized uses;
  • have no more than 300 employees; and
  • are able to demonstrate at least a 25-percent reduction in gross receipts between comparable quarters in 2019 and 2020.

Applicants seeking a second draw need to know the following:

  • No extension date has been announced for the second PPP draw.
  • Each single borrower is limited to a $2 million loan.
  • Using the first draw as a model, the average loan size may be around $128,000.
  • The terms of second-draw PPP loans are the same regardless of who is borrowing and who is lending.

Use SBA Lender Match to find a lender today.

Employee Retention Tax Credit

When it comes to relief for this industry, much of the focus is on the PPP and RRF.

However, the ERTC can be a valuable resource for eligible restaurants.

First, what’s the ERTC? It’s a payroll tax credit—fully refundable—meant to persuade employers to keep and compensate their workers when they’re not fully operational.

Second, who’s eligible? To claim ERTC for a given calendar quarter, restaurant operators must show:

  • full or partial suspension as a result of orders from a governmental authority limiting commerce, travel or group meetings due to Covid-19; or
  • they experienced a significant decline in gross receipts during the calendar quarter when compared to 2019.

The above criteria apply to the quarter an operator is applying for the ERTC.

To better understand the ERTC, we’re including an example from the National Restaurant Association:

Henry’s Hotcakes (HH) received a $120,000 PPP loan in April 2020. These funds were fully spent on its 10 employees by September 20, 2020. Previously, HH would not have qualified for ERTC. However, HH can now reach back to its wages for the fourth quarter of 2020 (OCTDEC) and obtain up to $5,000 per eligible employee (50% credit of up to $10,000 in eligible wages) in ERTC.

Click here to read more about the ERTC on the IRS website.

Restaurant Revitalization Fund

The Restaurant Revitalization Fund is the most recent relief resource to come to fruition, so it stands to reason that it’s top of mind for most operators.

According to recent reporting, the SBA—the agency responsible for overseeing the RRF—is aiming for early April to launch the fund.

Here’s what restaurant and bar operators need to know now:

  • A grant is equal to the amount of a restaurant’s pandemic-related revenue losses.
  • Grants are tax-free.
  • To calculate a grant amount, subtract 2020 gross receipts from 2019 gross receipts. Operations must deduct first-draw PPP and second-draw PPP loans, even if they’re paid back or forgiven.
  • Any economic disaster loans—Economic Injury Disaster Loans, for example—are not RRF deductions.
  • Per the SBA, operators do not need to register for a System for Award Management ( account, meaning they no longer need to acquire a DUNS number.

The following are eligible RRF expenses:

  • broad operational expenses;
  • payroll, rent, and mortgage interest;
  • “normal” food and beverage inventory;
  • various supply purchases (PPE, for example);
  • property damage costs related to public disturbances in 2020;
  • debt obligations to suppliers before covered period;
  • interest payments on any other debt obligations incurred prior to Feb 15, 2020; and
  • refinancing EIDL.

Bear in mind that when it comes to the PPP, ERTC and RRF, changes in requirements and other processes are subject to change. Operators must stay up to date on these and other programs.


This content is for informational purposes only, and should not be used as legal, tax, investment, financial, or other advice. This article does not constitute professional and/or financial advice, nor does any information constitute a comprehensive or complete statement of the matters discussed or the law. This information is of a general nature and does not address the circumstances of a specific individual or entity. The reader of this information alone assumes the sole responsibility of evaluating the merits and risks associated with the use of any information before making any decisions based on such information.

Image: Freddie Collins on Unsplash